The Russian Accusative Case in the Plural

In this lesson, you will learn everything you need to know about the Russian Accusative Case in the plural.

To make things easier, I divided the lesson into three parts:

  1. Plural Nouns in the Accusative Case;
  2. Plural Adjectives in the Accusative Case;
  3. Plural Possessive Pronouns in the Accusative Case.

The above titles have links. If you want to go straight to a specific part of the lesson, just click on the subject you would like to learn.

If you don’t know yet when to use the Accusative Case or how to use it in the singular, you can check out our complete lesson on this subject clicking here.

Plural Nouns in the Accusative Case

The way plural nouns change in the Accusative Case depends on whether the noun is animate or inanimate. Animate nouns refer to people and animals (man, girl, cat, doctor). Inanimate nouns refer to objects or abstract things (table, pen, car, love).

Let's take a look at how each of these types of nouns change.

Inanimate nouns:

The endings of plural inanimate nouns in the Accusative Case are the same as in the Nominative Case. So, if you already know the Nominative Case in the plural, you won't have to learn anything new.

If you don't know the Nominative Case yet, you will need to learn some rules:

1) When a noun ends in a consonant, add Ы:

There are some exceptions, though. Some masculine nouns take А instead of Ы to form the plural. The most common of them are:

2) When a noun ends in А, replace А with Ы:

However, if the last consonant of the noun is к, г, ш, щ, ч, ж and х, you need to write И instead of Ы:

3) When a noun ends in Й, Ь or Я, replace the last letter with И:

4) When a noun ends in О, replace О with А:

5) When a noun ends in Е, replace Е with Я:

To learn more about the Nominative Case, check out our complete lesson about it clicking here.

Animate nouns:

If the noun is animate, its ending in the Accusative Case is the same as in the Genitive Case.

If you don't know the genitive endings yet, these are the rules you need to learn:

1) When a noun ends in А or О, remove the last letter:

Note that when the plural form has two consonants at the end, the vowel О or Е is often added between the two consonants:

2) When a noun ends in a consonant, add ОВ:

However, if the noun ends in ж, ш, щ and ч, add ЕЙ instead of ОВ:

3) When a noun ends in Ь, replace Ь with ЕЙ:

4) When a neuter noun ends in Е, just add Й:

5) When a masculine noun ends in Й, replace Й with ЕВ:

To learn more about the Genitive Case, check out our complete lesson about this subject.

Now that you know what endings nouns have in the accusative plural, let's take a look at adjectives.

The Accusative Case of Adjectives in the Plural

The way we use adjectives in the accusative plural also depends on whether they are used with animate or inanimate nouns.

Adjectives with inanimate nouns:

If the adjective appears before an inanimate noun, its ending in the Accusative Case is the same as in the Nominative.

In this situation, the most common ending is ЫЕ:

Sometimes the ending is ИЕ:

Adjectives with animate nouns:

If the adjective appears before an animate noun, its ending in the Accusative Case is the same as in the Genitive.

In this situation, the most common ending is ЫХ:

Sometimes the ending is ИХ:

The Accusative Case of Possessive Pronouns in the Plural

The endings of possessive pronouns in the accusative plural also depend on whether the noun they describe is animate or inanimate.

If the noun is inanimate, the ending of the possessive pronoun is the same as in the Nominative Case:

Table of Possessive Pronouns in the Nominative Case - Plural

Let's take a look at some examples:

If the noun that the possessive pronoun describes is animate, the ending of the pronoun in the Accusative Case is the same as in the Genitive:

Table of Possessive Pronouns in the Genitive Case - Plural

Let's take a look at some examples:

And that's all you need to know about how to use the Accusative Case in the plural in Russian.