Russian Genitive Case in the Plural
In this lesson, you will learn how to use the Genitive Case in the plural.
To make things easier, I divided the lesson into three parts:
- How to use the Genitive Case with plural nouns;
- How to use the Genitive Case with plural adjectives;
- How to use the Genitive Case with plural possessive pronouns.
If there is any specific part of the lesson you would like to learn first, you can go straight to it by clicking on the titles above.
If you don’t know yet when you should use the Genitive Case in Russian or how to use it with nouns and adjectives in the singular, you can check out our complete lesson about this subject:Genitive Case in the Singular
The Genitive Case of Nouns in the Plural
In order to use the Genitive Case in the plural correctly, you need to learn 5 rules.
Let’s take a look at each of them individually.
1) Remove the last letter of nouns that end in А and О:
- дело - дел (thing to do)
- машина - машин (car)
- (My sister has many things to do)
- (There are few cars in my village)
Note that you can click on all the underlined words to see their meanings, examples, cases and conjugations in our dictionary.
If, after removing А or О, the plural noun ends in two consonants, we often add the vowel О or Е between the two consonants.
For example, if we remove О from the noun окно (window), we will have окн, which ends in two consonants. So, we need to add О between the two consonants: окон.
This rule is normally confusing for learners, but the good news is that there aren't many words that follow it.
So, it will probably be easier for you to memorize these words individually as you learn Russian instead of focusing on the rule itself.
Let's take a look at another example:
After removing А from the word девочка (girl), we have девочк, which also ends in two consonants. So, we add Е between the two consonants: девочек.
2) Add ОВ to masculine nouns that end in a consonant:
- студент - студентов (student)
- город - городов (city)
- (The teacher bought chocolate for the students)
- (There are many cities in Russia)
However, if the masculine noun ends in ж, ш, щ and ч, add ЕЙ instead:
- врач - врачей (doctor)
- ключ - ключей (key)
3) When masculine and feminine nouns end in Ь, replace Ь with ЕЙ:
- ночь - ночей (night)
- словарь - словарей (dictionary)
- (We spent five nights there)
- (I found many dictionaries in the library)
4) When neuter nouns end in Е, just add Й:
- море - морей (sea)
- поле - полей (field)
- (How many seas are there in the world?)
- (The farmers came from the fields)
5) When masculine nouns end in Й, replace Й with ЕВ:
- герой - героев (hero)
- музей - музеев (museum)
If you are not familiar with the concept of gender in Russian, you can check out our complete lesson about this subject:Gender in Russian
Some nouns have irregular forms in the genitive plural. The most common of them are:
The Genitive Case of Adjectives in the Plural
Plural adjectives in the Genitive Case have two endings: ИХ and ЫХ.
In most cases, you will use the ending ЫХ:
- молодые - молодых (young)
- красные - красных (red)
- старые - старых (old)
- (Young people have smartphones)
- (I don’t have red T-shirts)
- (They bought gifts for their old friends)
You will use ИХ when the last consonant of the adjective is г, к, х, ж, ч, ш or щ:
- хорошие - хороших (good)
- русские - русских (Russian)
- свежие - свежих (fresh)
- (She has many good friends)
- (I got gifts from my Russian friends)
- (My brother will buy some fresh vegetables)
The Genitive Case of Possessive Pronouns in the Plural
Here is a table of all the possessive pronouns in the genitive plural:
Let's take a look at some sentences with these pronouns:
- (I always make food for my kids)
- (They found a job for your brothers)
- (His relatives have a lot of money)
And that’s it. Now you know how to use the Genitive Case in the Plural.