Practice this lesson with interactive exercises:
In this lesson, you will learn how to use the Dative Case in the plural in Russian.
If you already know how to use the Dative Case in the singular, learning the plural will be very easy.
It's used in the same situations as the dative singular and there are only a few endings for you to memorize.
If you don’t know yet how to use the Dative Case in the singular, you can check out our complete lesson about it clicking here.
Nouns in the dative plural have only two endings: АМ and ЯМ.
Let’s take a look at when we need to use each of these endings.
When a noun ends in А, add the letter М:
When a masculine noun ends in a consonant, add АМ:
When a neuter noun ends in О, replace О with АМ:
When a noun ends in Я, add the letter М:
When a noun ends in Е, replace Е with ЯМ:
When a noun ends in Ь or Й, replace these letters with ЯМ:
Keep in mind that according to Russian spelling rules, we can’t write Я after ж, ч, ш and щ. Instead, we need to write А:
Note that some nouns have irregular forms in the dative plural. You should try to memorize such nouns as you come across them. Here are the most common of them:
Now that you know what endings nouns have in the dative plural, let's take a look at the endings of adjectives.
Adjectives in the dative plural also have only two endings: ЫМ and ИМ.
When the adjective ends in ЫЕ, replace ЫЕ with ЫМ:
Let’s take a look at a few sentences:
When the adjective ends in ИЕ, replace ИЕ with ИМ:
Let’s take a look at some sentences:
Here’s a table of possessive pronouns in the dative plural:
Note that the pronouns его, её and их never change.
Let's take a look at a few sentences with possessive pronouns in the dative plural:
And that’s it for this lesson. Now you know how to use the Dative Case in the Plural.